Where can one find a list of all US hospitals with the number of licensed beds? I believe that CMS provides this data somewhere, but I cannot find it!
i think you are looking for the medicare cost reports
Here's a list of beds per hospital 'non-federal, short-term, acute care hospitals', ordered by state, so in 50 clicks you'll have the data: https://www.ahd.com/state_statistics.html
I strongly suspect that this list is incomplete, and some hospitals have reported 0 beds, which seems unlikely.
Also contains number of discharges, patient days and gross revenue.