Here is German Open Data portal for geodata - http://www.geodatenzentrum.de/geodaten/gdz_rahmen.gdz_div?gdz_spr=eng&gdz_akt_zeile=5&gdz_anz_zeile=0&gdz_user_id=0
It has administrative areas, zipcodes and geo names (cities, points of interests), etc available for download (Shapefiles) and as webservices (WMS).
Specifically German addresses data ...
Here you can find some http://schnipsel.dianacht.de/2010/07/15/shapefiles-fuer-bundeslaender-und-kantone
Also as part of the global administrative borders service you can find some.
In both cases I don't know the depth of it.
If this is not good enough, maybe openstreetmap has more data for you. Look for this at geofabrik http://www....
Again, OpenStreetMap to the rescue: it has a whole tag scheme related to public transport services. Pointers:
ÖPNVKarte (German, real domain [öpnvkarte.de] contains an umlaut, openbusmap.org is just a proxy domain) has a nice rendered world map, showing airport, train stations, rails, buses, subways, trams, ... worldwide (with varying degrees of coverage, ...
Germany is one of the best mapped countries in Open Street Maps. You could extract the administrative boundaries from OSM. Using Osmosis, you might do something like
osmosis --read-xml germany.osm --way-key-value keyValueList="boundary.administrative" --used-node --write-xml germany_admin.osm
It's much too early to carry out this analysis today. As you say, the 40 weeks period has just passed by. You should not expect the data to be ready in real-time. I am even surprised that you have already found data for 2014. I had a quick look at the two authoritative sources for this kind of data.
At the time of writing this answer, Destatis, the Federal ...
Natural Earth has public-domain shapefiles for some of those types of geographies, but they're not as in-depth as the country-specific sources others have mentioned. They still might be worth a look, though, depending on your application: http://www.naturalearthdata.com/downloads/
Some information on public transportation in Berlin
Recently (Nov. 2015), the Deutsche Bahn AG released some data on its infrastructure:
For Germany, you may be interested in this paper, which comes with downloadable data. The data describe individual crimes against refugees (no aggregates) in 2014 and 2015. Latitude and longitude of the crime scene are included.
Just found the Overview of the Allensbach Institute, which has data at least for the current legislative period. The data can be easily scraped, see for example my R script.
This helps a bit, but if you have another answer, I will accept and upvote yours.
For German daily data, start here at the Deutschewettersdienst website.
Open the file KL_Tageswerte_Beschreibung_Stationen.txt to find a station with data for the location and time period that you want. For Bonn, it looks like station ID 599 "Bonn-Friesdorf" covers 1932 through ...
try this one for postal codes: http://www.suche-postleitzahl.org/downloads?download=plz-gebiete.shp.zip
Concerning the cities, I would prefer Geofabrik: http://download.geofabrik.de/europe.html
Please note that PLZ-geodata is the property of Deutsche Post, changing every year its geometries (but only little parts of it) and selling it at a price - so you ...
For Berlin you can get data from the Berlin OpenData Portal: https://daten.berlin.de/
Here is the Dataset with the Buildings: https://daten.berlin.de/datensaetze/alkis-berlin-geb%C3%A4ude-wfs
At this moment the Link looks broken, but i found this WFS Service, which should contain the same data:
The GeoPortal Deutschland has a list of sources from which to pull GIS data.
A first stop might be Open Data
Berlin's FIS-Broker provides a pretty nice dataset. If you are not German speaking the word you are looking for: Straßenverkehrszählung or Verkehrsmengen.
The elections for the the mayors in German municipalities are organised by the respective states and the Landeswahlleiter of the state publishes the results.
For the state of Saarland, the mayor elections can be found here:
The data contain: Date of election, all candidates with affiliations,...
I came across an overview of employees (including demographics such as gender and migratory background) provided by the employment agency. Unfortunately one needs to pay 36 EUR to get it. Please check the following Excel for more details.
And there is another source that might be even more helpful. Check https://www.regionalstatistik.de. The topic number 12 ...
Access to microdata (and block level data) from the 2011 Census in Germany is subject to some restrictions.
Microdata is only available via an on-site access in a "Research Data Center". Access to the data costs 250 EUR and has to be for scientific purposes. You have to be affiliated with a "scientific institution", and this institution has to be ...
There is a category called "Deutscher" (German) in the German Wikipedia that is accessible with the help of the German DBpedia and contains more than 191000 pages. You could query DBpedia for pages that have a link to this category with the wikiPageWikiLink relation and filter for living people by looking up if their DBpedia page contains a death date or not,...
@Philsheim points out the very useful weather data discussed in 1945 (spring) daily weather Germany
Sadly, it looks like data for Weiden in that set only goes back to 1947, as do most nearby weather records. The closest seems to be Gößweinstein (site 1689); it's at 49.8N, 11.3E compared to Weiden's 49.7N, 12.18E. So same latitude, but almost a full degree ...
In Germany there is an initiative called "Freifunk", which sets up free wifi networks everywhere. At the moment (August 2015) there are about 17K hotspots. There is a map showing all (public) hotspots and there are some APIs to get the data.
The advantage of Freifunk is that it doesn't require a registration and it's uncensored.
There is a wiki at http://freewifiwiki.net/index.php?title=Germany which is a listing (not a database). There are links at the bottom of that site to additional sites in German and English appear to augment this overarching listing.
Aswath Damodaran, Professor at Stern School of Business at New York University, has been compiling information on major corporations since 1998. His EU dataset contains data on 6,000 EU public corporations, including those in Germany.
Quandl has free datasets on current and historical stock ...
The US NGA/GNS Server contains geographic datasets for every country in the world. It does not contain shapefiles, but does have area centroids for at least:
Capitals (both country and administrative divisions).
Other Populated Localities.
The GADM Database of Global Administrative Areas attempts to capture all the administrative areas of all countries at all levels. You download all the data for an entire country. The adminstrative units don't go down to zipcodes for Germany.
While the license is not the most liberal, it is free for academic or noncommercial use.
Why wouldn't it be?
You can take pictures of people in public and post them online legally in the U.S..
A better question around this topic is:
"What are you planning to do with an open face recognition database of public people/celebrities?"
And an even better question for this topic:
"Are your plans involving creating an open face recognition ...
Although this database doesn't specify per city/state, it contains information on crimes in Germany overall including homicide, kidnappings, robbery, assault - check out the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime database on Quandl. Search for "Germany" within the database to see the stats for Germany. Or, actually, you can also try this link directly: ...
It seems that the puzzle pieces to answer your question are available at https://ergebnisse.zensus2011.de/?locale=en#StaticContent:00,BEV_11_1,m,table
It gives you population, by age and gender, for all of Deutschland as well as by Land, Administrative region, and District. Data is as of 2011.
The site allows an export as XLS and CSV too
There are data available from Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung. The pure numbers are probably not copyrightable and therefore Open Data.
EDIT: I answer to the headline. but not to the text. I won't delete my answer for now, altho it does not fulfil the data request stated in the text.
The IMDB data dump contains theater release dates (warning, 46MB file):
Unfortunately this is only cinema releases, and won't include TV showings or DVD releases. To get TV releases, the data source will probably be TV-specific.