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For questions related to Europe and the European Union.

The United Nations statistical division regards Europe as comprising the following sub regions and countries (or states):

Eastern Europe

  • Belarus
  • Bulgaria
  • Czechia
  • Hungary
  • Poland
  • Republic of Moldova
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Slovakia
  • Ukraine

Northern Europe

  • Åland Islands
  • Channel Islands
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Finland
  • Guernsey
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Isle of Man
  • Jersey
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Norway
  • Sark
  • Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Southern Europe

  • Albania
  • Andorra
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Croatia
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Holy See
  • Italy
  • Malta
  • Montenegro
  • Portugal
  • San Marino
  • Serbia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Western Europe

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • France
  • Germany
  • Liechtenstein
  • Luxembourg
  • Monaco
  • Netherlands
  • Switzerland

The European Union has 28 member countries as below, dates in brackets indicate year of joining:

  • Austria (1995)
  • Belgium (1958)
  • Bulgaria (2007)
  • Croatia (2013)
  • Cyprus (2004)
  • Czech Republic (2004)
  • Denmark (1973)
  • Estonia (2004)
  • Finland (1995)
  • France (1958)
  • Germany (1958)
  • Greece (1981)
  • Hungary (2004)
  • Ireland (1973)
  • Italy (1958)
  • Latvia (2004)
  • Lithuania (2004)
  • Luxembourg (1958)
  • Malta (2004)
  • Netherlands (1958)
  • Poland (2004)
  • Portugal (1986)
  • Romania (2007)
  • Slovakia (2004)
  • Slovenia (2004)
  • Spain (1986)
  • Sweden (1995)
  • United Kingdom (1973)

ref: https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/countries_en

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