Yep APNI (Australian Plant Name Index) list Australian Native and Naturalized plants as well as some weed species.
APNI includes some services for looking up plant names.
APC the Australian Plant Census is a list of the currently accepted names as recognised by CHAH the Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. (http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/)
The WHO provides global data for many cities. It doesn't seem to break down the overall air pollution into molecular components, though.
Website with details
Ambient (outdoor) air pollution database, by country and city (Excel file)
Many individual cities or regions provide air quality data. A short example, although basically every city or region will ...
Global Water Forum lists a number of water related tools and resources, including datasets. A couple of these may be of use to you:
One in particular, the GGIS (Global Groundwater Information System):
USGS Surfacewater Portal also has a ...
I don't believe these are 100% on target, but they look pretty promising.
Freshwater Ecoregions of the World (Data Basin Dataset)
Food and Agriculture Organization's AQUASTAT database
I can't post more than two links yet, but the USGS has a pretty solid database for all bodies of water in the United States, so make sure to check them out for US based data,...
There are a bunch of sources here. Look down below in the Sources section.
A PDF from FAO, part of the UN.
Status of fish stocks from UN FAO.
State of the Ocean report for 2013 from the International Program of the State of the Ocean.
Commercial fishery, Fish landing data. Here you choose your parameters like fish species, date range, and it outputs data in ...
IHS has several systems that have the information you need, but most of them are targeted to large corporate customers.
You can access many of them through your school, as I know they have agreements to license those systems to universities.
I know geology and petroleum engineering schools in Canada use them.
I believe you will find what you are looking for at the Global Landcover Facility (though a little dated - 2007).
As a member of the IUCN, the GLCF provides the World Database on Protected Areas for free to the world. This data set contains GIS layers of protected areas that were produced by the ...
There are 9 different types of emu whose populations range from common to extinct. The Grey Emu is prevalent, while the Kangaroo Island Emu is extinct.
If you want general populations of emu in Australia, try Birdata, which shows populations of Australian birds by location and time, and allows you to download custom datasets. Here's the link for emus. ...
This question has good answers on Stackexchange (although from 2010) - LINK
Anyone know of a good webservice or api that I can use to get the sunrise/sunset times in bulk?
To summarize the answers:
You can calculate the hours of daylight by yourself, for any latitude/longitude
Since you mentioned R, you can use this sunrise....
Although it's not documented, when clicking on a link for a CSV, I noticed that you can use the endpoint as your own API.
So if we deconstruct the URL, we can create filters to pass to the web ...
It doesn't seem like there is very geograpically detailed data easily available, but at the country level, Our World In Data has sources listed here: https://github.com/owid/co2-data
There are also several sources from NOAA that may include satellite data - but I'm pretty sure that observational data like this won't account for the differences between human ...
'high spatial resolution' and 'csv' generally are mutually exclusive. (as CSV doesn't scale that well ... high resolution stuff would be stored as binary data cubes or images).
The best proxy that I can recommend for what you're asking for are solar potential maps
It's not as easily computed from SPICE kernels, as you have areas on mountains or in ...
Have a look at the global Forest Change cover From Hansen et al. They used Landsat 7 images from 2000 to 2013 to assess forest cover changes. Tiles can be downloaded from their website under creative common license.
I don't know when this came along, but the Atlas of Living Australia now has an API which can (maybe) answer the question.
This query asks for every member of the plant kingdom for which there is a record showing its presence in a polygon which matches Australia:
I did a little searching around and came across another dataset that's relatively new (2014) and might be forthcoming soon:
GLOWABO - Global Water Bodies database
The study used remote sensing and water body extraction techniques [GWEM] to count and categorize the world's lakes, circa 2000. Some new agencies that reported on it mentioned that the data ...
If you're looking specifically for a small region in the European interior, you're going to need model simulations at the regional scale. For that I'd suggest checking out the CCAFS Downscaled Climate Change data portal: http://www.ccafs-climate.org/data/
The data offered there are 30-year monthly normalizations of most every AR4 and AR5 climate models and ...
To get links to csv-files containing lithologies quickly, try
These datasets are small, and they stem from academic projects.
You can also get an impression on how lithology data were used to create models of the subsurface: For Germany, try http://geotis.de (focus on geothermal energy - relatively shallow wells, but many ...
If you don't find data directly related to overfishing, you can look for 1) volume of catches 2) estimated stocks
This report is market oriented and provided numbers about fishing
Stock Assessment of Pacific Bluefin Tuna 2014
Source: The Guardian one and two.
From USDA you can get data for different soil types. While their map does not represent the true colours, with the names you could associate colours with the soil types.
I also found soil organic carbon data for europe here(excel sheet) but only on the country level. With a shapefile from the EU you could join this data and display it.
And finaly if you ...
You can get digital elevation models (DEMs) from the ASTER GDEM project using the USGS Earth Explorer tool: http://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/
Select the region you want by clicking on the map. Under 'data sets', click 'digital elevation', select 'ASTER'. Then click the 'results' button. This will give you several images, you can click the footprint button to ...
The R package originr interfaces with the Global Invasive Species Database and many other databases that include lists of invasive species. It provides results for a given species that include information (at the country / state level) that indicates where species are native and where they are exotic / invasive.
The R package spocc provides an interface to ...
EDDMapS (Early Detection and Distribution Mapping System) has reports of invasive species in the United States. This website is developed and maintained by the University of Georgia. It's very reliable data, but the website is on the slow side.
Features of this dataset:
Distribution is usually limited to the United States, and occasionally southern parts ...
I suppose the link has become broken after the Wiley Online Library redesign and restructuring.
Now this link should be the Please click here to access the full dataset archive link from this page. However, that new link is broken too.
I don't think that this unavailability is intentional, a few months ago those datasets were available.
I'd suggest you ...
In the United States, the National Allergy Bureau is the primary source of pollen measurements. Their network is comprised of approximately 80 monitoring stations which collect 24-hour samples of ambient pollen concentrations using either Burkard or Rotorod samplers. Simplified categories are presented on their website (e.g., "Weeds- Low ...
There are very nice high-resolution (30 seconds (~1km) and 5 minutes (~10km)) datasets available from the Land-Atmosphere Interaction Research Group at Sun Yat-sen University. It covers several of your desired properties (soil texture, pH, organic carbon etc.) and the data is available in binary or NetCDF format.
The British Geological Survey provides free online access (through a web GIS) to scans of over a million borehole records.
Borehole records are produced from a geologist's or surveyor's observations of the rock core extracted from the ground. It typically includes locality, lithological descriptions with depth and thickness.
An example of a scan is: