Yep APNI (Australian Plant Name Index) list Australian Native and Naturalized plants as well as some weed species.
APNI includes some services for looking up plant names.
APC the Australian Plant Census is a list of the currently accepted names as recognised by CHAH the Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. (http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/)
You can find data related to the Canadian lynx and snowshoe hare pelt-trading records of the Hudson Bay Company, starting in 1845. It seems to be a standard dataset, described for instance in Predator-Prey Models.
The base repository is Lynx and Hare Data, and you can find for instance the csv file lynxhare.csv.
The Lotka-Volterra Models for predactor/...
There are a number of research papers/study on this subject.
This 1991 paper covers a lot of historical as well as data current at the time.
Fish swimming stride by stride: speed limits and endurance, Videller, 1991
There are quite a few wildlife mapping datasets out there, and growing. Narrowing it down to species' is hit or miss, but if its a hit, you will be happily rewarded, as this data tends to be high quality, and uniquely interesting. Here's a few, look at JellyWatch in particular:
Christmas Bird Count
North American Breeding Bird Survey
I didn't get it: are you looking for synthtic datasets only, or are you looking for real time series data for validating your own ODE models?
In any case, try perhaps
The Long Term Ecological Research Repository
" The Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) program concentrates on studies of ecological processes that play out at time scales spanning ...
Have you looked at TCGA (https://tcga-data.nci.nih.gov/tcga/)? It seems to have genetic data, clinical data, and (if you use the extension TCIA) imaging data.
I'm not sure, however, that it has data about patient outcomes, and it certainly doesn't have genetic data from after treatments.
Allen Downey's free online book Think Stats uses data from the National Survey of Family Growth to consider the question "Do First Babies Arrive Late?"
Section 1.3 of the book explains some use of the data. There is a newer version of the dataset (2006-2010) on the NSFG site.
You can also check commercial seedbanks for the latest strains:
United States Cannabis Seed Banks - http://www.calgarycmmc.com/unitedstatescannabis.htm
I would start by looking at the NHanes data sets (http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes.htm). They have many vital signs, so the heart rate would probably be there as well as ecg type measures in some of the data sets. I don't know about the stress or similar variables, but search the documentation, it would not surprise me if a question along those lines were ...
I don't know when this came along, but the Atlas of Living Australia now has an API which can (maybe) answer the question.
This query asks for every member of the plant kingdom for which there is a record showing its presence in a polygon which matches Australia:
As I already answered on a later question, a list of Medical Imaging datasets can be found on the medical-imaging-datasets repository. Also, it could be interesting to follow both Stephen R. Aylward's list of repositories and the SICAS Medical Image Repository.
Here is the RIKEN integrated database of mammals:
The files can be downloaded without registration under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The UCI Machine Learning Repository has one dataset from 2013 called Fertility
100 volunteers provide a semen sample analyzed according to the WHO 2010 criteria. Sperm concentration are related to socio-demographic data, environmental factors, health status, and life habits
The dataset is multivariate, and is likely to be used for regression or ...
The sex ratio represents the percentage of men and women by country. http://statisticstimes.com/population/countries-by-sex-ratio.php
General data for infertility is available.
Currently, the data on global male infertility is lacking—both in terms of prevalence estimates and men’s experiences across cultures—...
Brose, Cushing, Berlow et al: Body sizes of consumers and their resources
Here, we try to reduce such limitations by documenting body size ratios for 16,863 consumer–resource links. The data includes body size ratios from terrestrial (n = 12,398 links), marine (n = 2355 links), freshwater (n = 1,983 links) and soil (n = 51 links) ecosystems.
The data set ...
I finally found a good source for this type of data. In the data sets associated with the Pajek Project you can find links to these FoodWeb Datasets. The actual relationships are given by indices, but there is a key for decoding them. For example, in the cypdry.paj file, 15 39 means that Great Blue Herons eat Crayfish. You will have to do some work, but ...
The paper links to the R package PhyloSim available at
https://cran.r-project.org/package=phylosim , which is hosted as an open source Github repository at
The repository has a folder called "PAMLdat" among other potential data sources:
iNaturalist has worldwide observations of biological organisms. You can do a bulk download here. This data is not strictly "open", because login is required. However it is free to register.
Use this query to download observations of Suborder Anisoptera (Dragonflies): quality_grade=any&identifications=any&taxon_id=47927
There are currently 357100 ...
Some data I have found and that I need and maybe anybody needs:
Classifying syllables in Imagined Speech using EEG
EEG / ERP data available for free public download
Supporting data for "EEG datasets for motor imagery brain computer interface"
Classification learning and tone-counting:
A lot of formats are actually containers for a specific folder structure.
There are some self-contained formats like hdf5, and a lot of zip files around, including different "zip in disguise"(files that use zipping as a container for a specifically organized data structure, often with xml formatted files inside): on top of my head:
.dar files for jatsxml ...
Other common GIS formats
Along with the GIS file types listed in the original question, these are (in my experience) the most common formats in which GIS data is distributed. There are many other GIS file formats, but data is usually shared in the ones listed here.
MDB - ESRI personal geodatabase build on Microsoft Access Database format
I don't know what exactly you would qualify as 'biological' data, but I would classify predator/prey relationships as 'ecological' ... and therefore I'd look in one of two places:
DataONE (Data Observation Network for Earth). Searches about 30 archives of environmental & ecological data.
Dryad, a repository for evolutionary & environmental data. ...
North American Breeding Bird Survey is what you'll most likely find useful; BBS has two data options.
Migratory Bird Data Center has some more data too.
USFWS Migratory Bird Data Center
Breeding Bird Atlas data - USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Breeding Bird Survey data - USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
All of these datasets include Canada, but ...