5

I need a list of all countries and their states or providences. Is there a authoritative source I can get this from?

6

One of the more authoritative sources will be UN/LOCODE (United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations), which is mostly used for international trade. There are CSV and Access DBs to download, and comprehensive documentation.

Currently, UN/LOCODE includes over 103,034 locations in 249 countries and installations in international waters.

(see my source for more possibilities)

3

If you want them as geospatial data, Natural Earth has a nicely prepared shapefile dataset called Admin 1 States & Provinces (1:10m).

Coverage

Global. The only states that lack a subdivision in the dataset are

Antarctica, some disputed areas, tiny island nations, and principalities such as Monaco, Andorra, Liechtenstein, and San Marino.

License

Public domain

Screenshot

world-wide country subdivisions

Attribute table

Fields name, woe_label, and gns_name are your best bet for a comprehensive list of descriptors/labels for each region.

attribute table

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