Say one needs to parse text for any mention of nationality or ethnicity, or otherwise use these terms in the course of an NLP project. Is there a comprehensive resource of English words describing these? The interest is in both adjectives and nouns, e.g. "Turkish" and "Turk."
@aeroNotAuto The same thought crossed my mind, and I can see reasons for it fitting in either. In the end I put it here because the focus was on a tool to be used in analysis, irrespective of whether that tool is an open dataset. Anyways, I leave it up to the mods. :)– SeanEasterJun 18, 2015 at 21:39
Both are available in the CIA World Factbook. Nationality names, both noun and adjective, for world countries are available here; ethnicities, listed by country, here. (This may not be historically comprehensive.)
The promised tabular data referenced in the 'Technical' section of the FAQ doesn't seem to exist for this dataset: Light scraping required.
WordNet is a (free) semantic database of the English language. You could query for example the complete hyponym tree of the term "inhabitant". Depending on your application, it could be a disadvantage that WordNet also contains historical ethnicities or nationalities.
For language names, an excellent database is Glottolog.
Once I compiled a dictionary of 200 language names as a csv file in this GitHub repository.
Upvoted for glottolog. Downvoted for WordNet - how exactly do you get to a hyponym tree? Jun 24, 2015 at 9:17
There are many excellent interfaces to WordNet, for example NLTK and Nodebox Linguistics.– SuzanaJun 27, 2015 at 13:26