Are there any open and directly accessible, freely available, English etymology dictionary databases like the one used by online etymology dictionary?

It could be accessible either directly via database clients (e.g. mysql) or available as a .sql dump file.

I'm aware that there are many free online English dictionaries that define the word and explain its origins, particularly Google Translate (or Google search itself with define:word search syntax) and wiktionary, that offer offline access to their databases mainly for mobile phones, as is the case with Google.

I seek further information on the subject and want to access or download and deploy such databases on a local database server.


1 Answer 1


One option is the XML data dump from Wiktionary (link to a recent one).

A complete copy of all Wikimedia wikis, in the form of wikitext source and metadata embedded in XML. A number of raw database tables in SQL form are also available. These snapshots are provided at the very least monthly and usually twice a month.

There is also an API and file download based on the Wiktionary data, but I don't know how comprehensive: http://www1.icsi.berkeley.edu/~demelo/etymwn/

The Etymological Wordnet project provides information about how words in different languages are etymologically related. The information is for the most part mined from Wiktionary. The semi-structured data is turned into a machine-readable etymological database that also incorporates some additional manually added etymological relationships.

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