I'm looking for a dataset of researchers CV containing the following:
- date of all the main graduations (MS, PhD) and change of ranks.
- location of their jobs
- their field
- their name and gender
I'm mostly interested in the US.
I don't know if it would have all of what you're looking for, but there are a couple of efforts to try to give identifiers to researchers. Most of them link to publications, and some have CV building tools. They might not be 100% what you're looking for, but they may satisfice your need:
(note that I haven't looked at their terms for extracting their data; I know when I signed up for ORCID, it asked me what info I wanted to make public.)