I am not too sure where there are "tribal" or "indigenous" peoples in every part of the world, but what I am thinking about are:

  • Native American tribal lands in the United States.
  • South American tribes in the Amazon areas.
  • Other potentially non-Amazonian South American tribes (not sure about this, but I think I remember learning about Argentinian tribes).
  • Australian Aboriginal tribes
  • Central/Southern African Bushman tribes.
  • Canadian Aboriginal tribes (Inuit/Eskimo are all I barely know of)
  • Papua New Guinea (though not sure they have lands)

Those are the only tribal peoples I am somewhat introduced with.

What I would like to see, but am unfamiliar with whether or not tribes (so to speak) exist in these areas, are in these areas:

  • Central American tribes (maybe Mayan, Zapotec, Aztec are considered tribal and have lands).
  • China/Tibet
  • Japan, etc.
  • Indonesia
  • India, etc.
  • Other parts of Africa, etc.
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Northern Russia/Tundra areas (Caucasians I think, though not sure if they consider themselves tribes with tribal lands).

Basically I am wondering if any data (shapefiles specifically) exist on the lands of these (potentially) tribal/indigenous peoples. I have found a complete map of tribal lands for the United States, but not for the other ones I listed in the first list, nor these potential tribal groups I listed afterwards.

This looked promising but the link doesn't seem good.

2 Answers 2


I would start here: http://www.landmarkmap.org/data/#data-6

It has a lot of data for Central America and Africa.

It also lists that data is available by request for: India: [email protected]; [email protected] Indonesia: [email protected]

It does not really have data on China, Japan, Papua New Guinea, or Russia.


Not sure about the overall coverage, but the Ethnic Power Relations dataset family contains shapefiles on a wide range of ethnic groups which might be of use to you.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.