I am wondering what some file formats are that are out of the scope of "normal" file formats you typically find on the web. The "normal" file formats I'm not considering in this post are:
- Image formats like png
- Video formats like mp4
- Compression formats like zip
- Audio formats like flac
- Document formats like pdf
- Source code formats like xml, js, rb, java, etc.
- Plain text formats like txt
- Data formats like csv
Some "out of the mainstream" file formats that I am looking for in this post are things like these (the few ones I know about):
- FASTA format for nucleotide sequences
- Mass Spec formats
- Mol file format for 3D chemical structures.
- KML and Shapefile formats
- RDF and JSON-ld
Basically I just know a few file formats in the fields of Biology and GIS/mapping. A few others that might fit this "out of the ordinary" concept are SQL dumps or database dumps, or logfile formats like syslog.
I am just wondering if one could list any major common yet out of the ordinary ones (out of the ordinary mainly because they are in specialized fields), such as those from these fields, or other fields not mentioned.
- Other Chemical/Biological/Genetic ones (for example, I will have to see if there are MicroArray formats, or Gel Electrophoresis)
- Medicine/Hospital tools for their visualizations or records.
- Point clouds
- Earth science / Geology / GIS that I have missed
- Astronomy data formats.
- Major video/audio ones that may be easily missed (like maybe closed captioning is a format, I don't know).
- Standard metadata formats (not sure about these if they are file formats yet).
- Sports records.
- Financial stuff formats.
Again, I'm only wondering for the major ones that are out of the ordinary that you would encounter as common in these (or other major) industries. I know there are thousands of file formats haha, so not looking for a comprehensive list or anything, just mainly want to get introduced to the major ones that are out of the ordinary but common. Instead of specific formats it could just be classes of formats too, that works as well. Thank you.